6 Distinct Styles Of Painting You Should Know

6 distinct styles of painting

Has it ever happened to you that a certain type of painting catches your attention so badly that you cannot help, but want to explore more of the same kind? Thanks to the different art movements that took place throughout the years, at present we have the privilege of being able to enjoy various styles of paintings. Some of these styles stick more to the traditional painting techniques, whereas the others broke free from the chains of conventionality to explore more avant-garde styles. 

Here are some very distinct styles of painting that can even make people not interested in art to turn back and have a look: 

  • Impressionism:

The term “Impressionism” for the style of painting actually came into use from the name of one of Monet’s paintings – Impression, Sunrise. A hallmark of the impressionist paintings is that they were mostly outdoors, consisting of looser brush works and brighter colours. Impression paintings are dreamlike, putting emphasis on catching the mood rather than getting the exact details unlike realism. Claude Monet’s Magpie, Camille Pissarro’s The Boulevard Montmartre at Night etc., are some examples of Impressionist painting styles.

  • Cubism:

Flat, two-dimensional surface; fractured, angular shapes; rejecting conventional techniques like perspectives, focal attention to one element, or depth of a subject are some characteristics of Cubism painting style. This style of painting brought a different view of the subjects that appeared to be fragmented and abstracted. Some examples of Cubism paintings are The Girl with Mandolin by Pablo Picasso, Houses at Estaque by Georges Braque.

  • Realism:

In the Realism painting style, the intention is to stay true to the real style of the subject rather than making it appear abstracted or differently styled. Realism portrays unembellished and accurate depiction and rejects imaginative or speculative elements. Leonardo Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa is a classic example of Realism painting style. A few other examples would include Raja Ravi Varma’s Galaxy of Musicians, Vasily Vereshchagin’s The Apotheosis of War.

  • Pointillism:

Begun during the neo-impressionism movement, pointillism style of painting makes use of small, distinct dots that are grouped together in patterns to blend to form an image when viewed from a distance. A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte by Georges-Pierre Seurat, Setting Sun and Fog Eragny are some leading examples of pointillism style of painting.

  • Abstract:

Abstract style of painting emerged during the Modern Art movement. This style of painting is a total contrast to realism. Abstract style does not depict a visual reality but rather makes use of shapes, forms, colours, and effects to portray an image. It gives people freedom to explore in a way that traditional styles made impossible. A good example of this would be Jackson Pollock’s Blue Poles, Wassily Kandinsky’s Black Lines etc.

  • Expressionism:

This is another modern art style that focuses more on the depiction of the artists’ inner feelings and emotions through the painting. Its techniques used are either vivid, distorted, exaggerated, jarring or violent. The colours used can be really intense and appear unnatural. Edward Munch’s – The Scream is a very good example of Expressionism.

What’s your favourite style?

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