The two paintings by Jamini Roy (1887-1972) show his trademark style, derived from the tradition of Bengal folk paintings. Abani Sen (1905-1972), a student of the Government School of Art, Calcutta and founder of the Young Artists’ Union and later, the Art Rebel, is known for his paintings of the prehistoric animal forms that speak of organic vitality. He was a great admirer of the experimental approaches of the Western modern artists; his two paintings in this exhibition show his tryst with Cezanne. A widely travelled artist, Paritosh Sen (1918-2008) studied art in Madras and was the founder member of the Calcutta Group. His works show his careful, slightly erotic, observations of the everyday life and also his appreciation of the European art, particularly the post-cubist paintings of Pablo Picasso, whom he met in Paris. Gopal Ghose (1913-1980) studied art in Jaipur and Madras and was also one of the founder members of the Calcutta Group. Besides his paintings of the agony of the 1940s, he is also famous for reinterpreting the genre of landscape painting in a new way. Painted with fresh and vibrant colours, many of his landscapes are fauvist, evoking the distant memories of rural India.
Nikhil Biswas (1930-1966), a student of the Government College of Art, Calcutta and the founder member of Calcutta Painters, Chitrangshu and the Society of Contemporary Artists, was an artist committed to bringing about a radical transformation in Contemporary Indian Art. His powerful drawings of animals are Expressionist in character, displaying a fine balance between structural stability and subjective emotions. Kartick Chandra Pyne (1931-2017), a graduate of the Government College of Art, Calcutta, is one of the early surrealist painters of India. His famous nudes, painted with elegant ease and vibrant colours, are sites in which nature, society, fantasy, myth and human desires are interconnected. Jogen Chowdhury (1939 -) received his training in academic realism as a student of the Government Art College, Calcutta. Skilfully drawn, his early drawings of the refugee families at the Sealdah Railway Station speak of the tragic human histories of the partitioned Bengal, which has had a profound impact on the artist.